The Social Status of Women in the Tribal Society in Arunachal Pradesh, enlightened by Yeshe Dorjee Thongchi(4)
The end of the novel is very surprising. Lochang Budhi is infected by uterine carcinoma. She waits for her last breath. In the meantime, Apa Sangra confesses the sin he had committed long before.
Actually, he mixed poison with the Laopani. Sangra Budha once saw an army captain,
Dawa Siring drinking Laopani with Lochang Doima.
He thought that they had some unwanted relationship and in jealousy, he had mixed poison in Laopani to kill Dawa Siring. Hearing the fact, Lochang Doima was shocked and left her last breath.
Sangra Budha was sent to the trial court and became convicted with some other cases of spying and unlawful activities.
He was sentenced to life imprisonment. He breathes his last at Tezpur jail. Thuptan and Tachi carry his dead body to Jimithang. Thus the story ends.
Throughout the novel, writer Yeshe Dorjee Thongchi tries to deal with the main issues. Among the tribes’ the superstition of poisoning women have been overcome.
Another issue was the boundary between Shakti and Gichpu village. It shows that the Buddhist monks exhibited feudalist characters.
There arose a competition between two persons Apa Leky Khandu of Lee Basti (village) and Narbu Chiring of Soksen village to keep influence over the Monpa people.
It turned the fate of Lee Basti to the capture of Chinese aggression in 1962.
We see a bold personality in the character of Tachi Yodan, although she is a Panchenpa woman. She works as a social reformer and is able to clear untouchability to Doumo or poisonous women.
Ultimately she has established herself as Lamu in Monpa society. Lamu means Daity.
Yeshe Dorjee Thongch draws a scenario of tribal society in all his Novels.
The main livelihood of the Panchen people is animal husbandry. They keep cows, goats, horses, sheep, yaks or skinned cows, etc., and also cultivate in small-scale jhum.
The Panchenpa people are generally followers of Tibetan Buddhism.
The people of the Panchenpa community have their own language. They use Panchenpa language for conversations among their own people. But when talking to other people they use a mixed language of Assamese, Hindi, and tribal words.
Men’s outfits are indebted to everyone. On top of that is a jacket with a goat’s or sheep’s skin called “Pakcha” which covers up to the knee.
“Gardum” hat made of fur of Yak. Half pants on the bottom, soft leather boots on the feet. The women wear a yellow cloth called “Chinka”.
Rice, various vegetables, fish, lamb and animal meat, eggs, dairy products, maize, slices, marrowa Jhan, Chao Chao dried radish, churpi, laopani, arak, banchang (apang), etc. are eaten by Monpa people.
The loser is the main festival of Panchengpa society, all at the beginning of the new year. Anyone can take part in dunchangs (parties) for any fun activity and have a Jabro dance by drinking arak.
All Panchenpa houses are decorated with clay, stone, and wood.
“BishKanyar Deshot”, is a novel of manners. The works of writer Yeshe Dorjee Thongchi is concerned with his plot and characters and society.
He has a sharp profundity like Jane Austen, on the society in which he portraits ” To make fiction out of the observation of social behavior is sometimes regarded as less worthy than to produce novels to excavate the human mind.
And yet the social gestures known as manners, however superficial they appear to be, are indices of a collective soul and merit the close attention of the novelist and reader alike.”
The writer Dr. Ananda Barmudoi says,
“But recently, Yeshe Darjee Thangchi’s story novel has brought a new dimension to the subject, background, and language of Assamese story novels.”*
The people who went to work in NEFA under the Indian government created a new language by mixing Assamese and Hindi with its natives. This language has been used in almost all novels, that he has written.
We see the proper use of folkloric elements in Thongchi’s Novels preserved in ethnic groups.
The writer tries to unveil the concept of creating natural poison on the nails of Panchenpa Women and eradicate it from society. He becomes successful, but it was the beginning.
Dr. R.K Bezbaruah, Tezpur