International Asteroid Day, Why The Day celebrates on June 30
International Asteroid Day was created to encourage the public and governments to learn more about asteroids, the origin of our Solar System, and to support the resources necessary to find and deflect asteroids.
Asteroid Day expresses the importance of the resources asteroids have within them and their significance in figuring out how the Solar System came to be.
Just at the start of June this year 2020, there were reports of five asteroids passing by Earth, one after the other, followed by a larger one recently. The fly-by, by the heavenly bodies, seems apt as International Asteroid Day is celebrated on the last day of the month, June 30, every year
An asteroid is a minor planet that did not evolve fully when the Solar System was born. There are millions of asteroids in existence that orbit the Sun, though most are in the main asteroid belt, a region between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. They are not of the same size and shape because they are formed in different locations at different distances from the sun. They are made up of different kinds of rocks, but some contain clay or metal, such as nickel and iron.
The United Nations General in December 2016 declared June 30 as International Asteroid Day. It is an annual global event that is held on the anniversary of the Tunguska impact over Siberia, Russian Federation that took place on June 30, 1908. It was the most harmful known asteroid-related event on Earth as it destroyed local plants and animals.
Asteroid Day is on June 30 and ironically no asteroid has any plans of flying anywhere close to Earth on the day. The 2020 JX1 asteroid, between 47 meters to 100 meters in diameter and flying past at 17,784 kilometers per hour, will be making its close approach on June 29.
A day after Asteroid Day — on July 1 — 2019 AC3 will swing by, which is fairly smaller only measuring between 9.2 meters to 21 meters in diameter and slower at speeds of 12,060 kph.
However, on June 30 itself, the space around Earth will be free of any asteroid threats.
Asteroid Day is celebrated to mark the anniversary of the Siberia Tunguska event.
International desk, Ne India.